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Promno landscape park

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Promno landscape park



It’s located approximately 20 kilometres on the north-east of Poznań and established in 1993 on the area of 20, 8 square kilometres. Surrounded by a buffer zone of 37,6 square kilometers, here visitor’s attention can be caught by the lanscape of Cybina valley. It is the smallest landscape park in Greater Poland voivodeship. Considering the nearness of Poznań, it has a great role, not only academic but also recreational.

The area of the park has a very varied, typically post-glacial shape. The highest point here is 127 mamsl. During the Poznań phase of the Vistulian (North Polish) glaciation which is a part of the Last Glaciation, were formed numerous hills. These hills are covered with forests, mostly pine, mixed and deciduous forests – they make about 62% of the Park’s area. Especially rich undergrowth is in the nature reserve called the Decidous forest in Promno.

Many hollows of a ground is filled with water which create some picturesque small lakes. The biggest of them are Dębiniec (another nature preserve – “Dębiniec”), Brzostek and Drążynek. They are surrounded with a belt of reed beds among which it is possible to encounter the saw-sedge by the lake Drążynek (the third nature reserve – “Drążynek”). It is estimated that this place is actually the biggest area in Greater Poland where that particular plant grows. Also here, in a tree stand, we can admire the wild service tree (checker tree) which is highly protected. Fragments on the edges of those lakes are covered by rich poor fens (or transitional bog / mire) where also grows also the globeflower, the common butterwort, the round-leaved sundew and the English sundew. The last three are entomophagous and highly protected by the law as well, especially since 2006 when “the Red list of plants and fungi in Poland” was created. They were marked on it as a “V” and “E” category – that means either vulnerable and endangered or on the verge of extinct and critically endangered.

The fauna of the park is poor. Filled with roe-deers, boars, foxes. Among birds we have here the red kites, Eurasian bitterns and coots, mallards. But the interesting fact is that around the Drążynek lake all Polish kinds of dragonflies can be found.

The richness of Promno landscape is widely known for a long time. Already in 1935 professor Adam Wodziczko proposed it’s protection as the Promno Nature Park. By the Drążynek lake there is also a stone dedicated to professor Zygmunt Czubiński (1912-1968) who was conducting a research about the bryophytes of this area. 


 

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