Curiosities

The Polish Reformed (Calvinist) Church in Żychlin

section: History

The Polish Reformed (Calvinist) Church in Żychlin has been ministering to its parish since the Reformation - longer than any other such church in Poland.

Queen of France from Wielkopolska

section: History

Maria Leszczyńska, Queen of France and wife of Louis XV, came from Wielkopolska.

The earliest mention of artillery deployment in Poland

section: History

The earliest mention of artillery deployment in Poland is to be found in the Chronicle of Jan of Czarnków in 1383. A cannonball is reported as having broken down the doors of Pyzdry Castle during a civil war.

The oldest city in Poland

section: History

Kalisz is the oldest city in Poland. Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy) mentions "Calisia" in the 2nd century AD.

Polish kings crowned in Gniezno

section: History

Polish kings were crowned in Gniezno Cathedral for nearly 300 years. The coronations of Bolesław I (Boleslaus the Brave), Mieszko II Lambert, Bolesław II (Boleslaus the Bold), Przemysł II and Wenceslaus II of Bohemia were all held here.

The largest fair trade in polish history

section: History

The General National Exhibition, held in Poznań in 1929, was the largest trade fair in Polish history, drawing 4.5 million visitors. What Poland had achieved during its first 10 years of independence went on public display.

The Enigma code breaking

section: History

The Enigma code was broken by three mathematics students from the University of Poznań - Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Różycki and Henryk Zygalski.

The largest collection of coffin portraits

section: History

Międzyrzecz has Poland's largest collection of coffin portraits. These were an important part of Polish funeral customs during the baroque era and are not found anywhere else in the world.

Handball in Polish

section: History

In 1917, a prisoner of war camp was built in the Szczypiorno district of Kalisz for Polish Legionnaires who refused to swear an oath of allegiance to the German Kaiser.