Did you know that...

In 1917, a prisoner of war camp was built in the Szczypiorno district of Kalisz for Polish Legionnaires who refused to swear an oath of allegiance to the German Kaiser.

Major Events

The military significance of Poznań’s location was apparent to Napoleon as early as 1806. It was the Prussians, however, who came up with the first concrete plans for a citadel here in 1815.

Among his deeds for the benefit of the town (which include the rebuilding of the Assumption of Mary Basilica, construction of the Saint Lazarus Hospital, the brewery, water mills, utility and residential buildings) the special recognition is deserved by the foundation of the Trzemeszno College in 1773, with a seminary for clerical students, and of a public school.

The 4th German Reserve Airborne Unit was stationed at Ławica airport outside Poznań when the Wielkopolska Uprising broke out at the end of 1918. There were also large aviation equipment depots there.

Between 12th and 14th January 1945 Soviets, using The First Ukrainian Front leaded by Marshal Ivan S. Koniew and the First Belorussian Front leaded by marshal Georgij Żukow, started an offensive from along the Vistula bridgeheads...

The controversy as to whether Gniezno or Poznań was the first capital of Poland has still not been settled.

Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849), Poland’s greatest Romantic composer, is not just a famous Pole, but a citizen of the world. The brilliant Frédéric can also be linked to Wielkopolska.

Leszno used to be a Unity of the Brethren centre. The best known exponents of Protestantism there were John Amos Comenius and John Jonston.

Michał Drzymała (1857-1937) has been a Polish national hero for decades but, at the same time, he is a particularly tragic figure in our history.

The office of Governor was instituted in the Grand Duchy of Poznań (part of the Prussian partition) after the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The incumbent was Duke Antoni Radziwiłł (1775-1833), a scion of an eminent Lithuanian family which bore the Trąby coat of arms.

Interwar Poznań was the country’s main Germanic studies centre and the power base of the Polish Western Union. This is also where the German “Enigma” encryption machine had its code broken.

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